The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented to promote trade between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The agreement, which removed most tariffs on trade between the three countries, came into force on 1 January 1994. Between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2008, many tariffs – notably for agriculture, textiles and automobiles – were phased out. The agricultural law provisions contained in the draft communication to congressional leadership (March 30, 2017) included (1) the removal or elimination of non-tariff barriers to U.S. agricultural exports, including licensing barriers and licences, restrictive management of tariff quotas, unjustified trade restrictions on new U.S. technologies, including biotechnology , and other restrictive trade measures; (2) maintain the obligation to eliminate all agricultural export subsidies, while maintaining the right to good faith food aid and preserving the development of the U.S. agricultural market and export credit programs; (3) to ensure more open and equitable access to agricultural markets through strong rules on operational information assistance and to remove all spS restrictions that are not based on scientific evidence; and (4) to strengthen cooperation between the U.S. and NAFTA authorities. See z.B.

Letter to Canadian government representatives of several U.S. and foreign milk distribution associations, September 12, 2016. See also CRS Insight IN10692, New Canadian Dairy Pricing Regime Disruptive Proves for U.S. Milk Producers. May 23, 2017, USTR has officially informed Congress of the government`s intent: 84 Despite strong opposition from many members of Congress and much of the agricultural industry to exit NAFTA, some members of Congress and agricultural associations support the renegotiation of NAFTA.85 Many in Congress want the Trump administration to pressure Canada to change its milk price policy. , which, in their view, discriminates against the United States. And to address this issue as part of a NAFTA renegotiation.86 Kevin Brady, chair of the Home Resources and Means Committee, said that “NAFTA contains many good provisions, but parts of them should be updated and improved.” 87 Others see the renegotiations as a time to allay concerns about some outstanding trade disputes. Washington sees NAFTA renegotiations as an opportunity to allay lingering concerns about potatoes, milk, cheese and wine.88 Others support NAFTA renegotiations if they “do not harm U.S. export markets”89 In response to congressional concerns that the NAFTA renegotiation could be “worrying” for the United States.