Mr. Bennett said the agreement was historic in that it was the first modern treaty in Ontario and could serve as a model for negotiations with other First Nations across Canada. Whiteduck said they would consult with genealogists and other experts to determine who can claim the benefits of a final agreement. The agreement is a step towards a solution to a centuries-old claim to 36,000 square kilometres of land. Deeply erroneous trial around Algonquin Land Claim Agreement October 18, 2016 – After many years of negotiation and consultation, the Algonquins of Ontario today signed the Algonquin Land Claim Agreement in Principle (AIP) with the governments of Ontario and Canada. The signing of the AIP marks the beginning of a process of negotiating a legally binding agreement between the parties and completing all aspects of the land, finances and rights that are taken into account in this agreement. The agreement in principle was announced in June 2015 and the Algonquins voted in favour of the proposal earlier this year. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Aboriginal Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett must, after the recent signing of an Agreement in Principle (IPA), sit on a major claim and reflect on what reconciliation and nation-to-nation means. Last winter, there were two separate votes on the ratification of the Algonquin AIP – one of the Algonquins of Ontario (AOO), with their registered and mostly non-statutory members, and the other members of the Pikw-Kanagen First Nation Indian Status Group. The stated objective of the vote was to determine whether Algonquin supported the continuation of negotiations on the basis of the proposed IPA. Make no mistake, the amount of land gained and the financial element of the final agreement are the most important, because it is only through the competence of our country and our resources that we will be able to truly rebuild our communities, which evoke our traditions and values of governance. Shortly thereafter, a group of Pikwakanagan grandmothers launched a $350 million complaint to force their group council to withdraw from all subsequent negotiations, arguing that the agreement would transform their reserve, the only one in the entire territory – into a “simple municipality” outside Indian law, a change whose consequences would involve the introduction of individual ownership of the reserve. Last year, members voted overwhelmingly in favour of an agreement in principle on the settlement of the application.

At about the same time, members of the Pikwakanagan First Nation, one of the ten communities represented by the AOO, voted separately and voted against the agreement (74% rejected the agreement and 26% voted in favour). A key element of the agreement will be cash payments, although Bennett could not give a specific amount. Previous negotiations put the figure at $300 million, but Whiteduck said it was more of a soil than a blanket. This article first appeared on Policy Options and is re-educated here under Creative Commons license. BAZL believes that it is not only important for landowners and other landowners to be informed of all agreements, negotiated settlements, etc.